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Malaria: Symptoms, Caused By, treatments, vaccine, mosquito, life cycl

Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable. In 2020, there were an estimated 241 million cases of malaria worldwide. The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 627 000 in 2020

malaria symptoms

Symptoms of malaria include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells.

malaria is caused by

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Four kinds of malaria parasites infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P.

malaria treatments

Other common antimalarial drugs include:
Atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone)
Quinine sulfate (Qualaquin) with doxycycline (Oracea, Vibramycin, others)
Primaquine phosphate.

malaria vaccine

A malaria vaccine is a vaccine that is used to prevent malaria. The only approved vaccine, as of 2021, is RTS,S, known by the brand name Mosquirix. In October 2021, the WHO for the first time recommended the large-scale use of a malaria vaccine for children living in areas with moderate-to-high malaria transmission.

Marsh Mosquitoes

Anopheles is a genus of mosquito first described and named by J. W. Meigen in 1818. About 460 species are recognised; while over 100 can transmit human malaria, only 30–40 commonly transmit parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which cause malaria in humans in endemic areas. Wikipedia

malaria is caused by protozoa

Malaria is caused by protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. Four species cause disease in humans: P falciparum, P vivax, P ovale and P malariae. Other species of plasmodia infect reptiles, birds and other mammals. Malaria is spread to humans by the bite of female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.

Causes: Plasmodium

Vector: Mosquitoes

malaria life cycle

The malaria parasite life cycle involves two hostsDuring a blood meal, a malaria-infected female Anopheles mosquito injects sporozoites into the human host, following which sporozoites infect liver cells and mature into schizonts to release merozoites

malaria divas

25 April

World Malaria Day 2023

malaria affects which part of the body

Malaria can damage the kidneys or liver or cause the spleen to rupture. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening.

malaria ke lakshan

मलेरिया के लक्षण
ठंड लगना
तेज बुखार
सिरदर्द
गले में खराश
पसीना आना
थकान
बैचेनी होना
उल्टी आना

Is malaria a virus or bacteria?

 Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood

What are the 6 symptoms of malaria?

Signs and symptoms of malaria may include:
Fever.
Chills.
General feeling of discomfort.
Headache.
Nausea and vomiting.
Diarrhea.
Abdominal pain.
Muscle or joint pain.

Can malaria get cured?

Malaria can be treated. If the right drugs are used, people who have malaria can be cured and all the malaria parasites can be cleared from their body. However, the disease can continue if it is not treated or if it is treated with the wrong drug. Some drugs are not effective because the parasite is resistant to them.

What are the 5 types of malaria?

Five species of Plasmodium (single-celled parasites) can infect humans and cause illness:
Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)
Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)
Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)
Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)
Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)

What is the best treatment for malaria?

The preferred antimalarial for interim oral treatment is artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem™) because of its fast onset of action. Other oral options include atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone™), quinine, and mefloquine.

Is malaria a symptom of COVID-19?

Malaria shares some of the highly recognisable symptoms with COVID-19 such as: fever, difficulty in breathing, fatigue and headaches of acute onset. Thus, a malaria case may be misclassified as COVID-19 if symptoms alone are used to define a case during this emergency period and vice versa.

How long can malaria last?

In general, it takes about two weeks of treatment and to completely recover from malaria. The right drugs and treatment are essential in malaria: For malaria detection and diagnosis, today doctors can take a sample of the blood and test the same through a rapid test.

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